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River East Transcona School Division
creating student success
Ladder Program

 Safe Operating Procedure



 Abstract





 Document Control

A. System
RETSD Quality Management System
B. System ID
​QMS-000037
C. Sector
​Workplace Safety and Health Management System
D. Sector ID
WSHMS-02B-SOP-011-03
E. Domain
​Public
F. Repository
​Divisional SharePoint Website
G. Audience
​Support Staff
H. Status
​Current
I. Title:
Ladder Program
J. Format
​HTML
K. Type
​Safe Operating Procedure
L. Tags

M. Origin
​2012-01-03
N. Reviewed

O. Revised
P. Owner
​Manager, Workplace Safety and Health and Administrative Services
Q. Owner Email
​safetyofficer@retsd.mb.ca
R. Primary Approval
​Divisional  Workplace Safety and Health Committee
S. Department Approval
​Director of Human Resources
T. Senior Administration  Approval
​Assistant Superintendent - Human Resources 
U. Board Approval
​GBG Workplace Safety and Health
V. Notes

W. Scheduled Review

X. File Address
Y. User Defined 1

Z. User Defined 2



 Safe Operating Procedure Controlled Document

WSHMS-02B-SOP-011-03

PURPOSE

 

To establish divisional expectations and standards regarding a  walking and working surfaces program at River East Transcona School Division (RETSD) that meets or exceeds all municipal, federal and provincial legislated workplace safety and health program requirements.

 

A  walking and working surfaces program must be defined and documented for compliance as part of Element 2, identify and control hazards and emergencies, for the effective development and implementation of a workplace safety and health program under Manitoba legislation.

 

SCOPE

 

This safe operating procedure and associated documents establish a procedure for ladder program for all workers at RETSD. The best practices apply to all RETSD worksites.

 

RESPONSIBILITY

 

Maintenance and Transportation

 

Maintenance and Transportation is responsible for managing the ladder program at RETSD.

 

Contractors

 

Contractors are expected to follow all ladders program regulations.

 

LADDERS - GENERAL

 

Definition

 

For the purposes of this safe operating procedure, ladders are devices that can elevate a worker to an elevation of 36 inches or higher.

 

Step stool equipment can only elevate a worker to a height of 36 inches or less.

 

Loads

 

Every ladder provided by River East Transcona School Division for use in the workplace shall be designed and constructed and maintained to safely support any load that will be or is likely to be imposed on it.

 

Worker to Inspect Ladder

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a worker inspects a ladder for defects prior to each use. A ladder found to be broken or defective may not be used until it has been repaired and restored to its original design specifications.

Metal Ladders near Electrical Equipment Prohibited

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that no worker uses a metal ladder or metal reinforced rails on a ladder near any exposed energized electrical circuits or equipment.

 

Coatings on Wood Ladders

 

River East Transcona School Division may not apply anything to a wood ladder, except

 

(a)    a transparent protective coating; and

 

(b)    a small identifying mark or symbol, which may be non-transparent.

 

Portable Ladders

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a commercially manufactured portable ladder used at a workplace:

 

(a)    complies with the applicable requirements of the following standards:

 

(i) CSA Standard CAN3-Z11-M81 (R2005), Portable Ladders,

(ii) ANSI Standard A14.1-2000, American National Standard for Ladders - Wood - Safety Requirements,

(iii) ANSI Standard A14.2-2000, American National Standard for Ladders - Portable Metal - Safety Requirements,

(iv) ANSI Standard A14.5-2000, American National Standard for Ladders - Portable Reinforced Plastic - Safety Requirements; and


(b) is used and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and safe operating instructions.

 

Extension Ladders

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that an extension ladder used by a worker:

 

(a) is equipped with locks that securely hold the sections of the ladder in the extended position; and

 

(b)    does not exceed:

 
(i) 14.6 m in length, if it consists of two sections, or

(ii) 20 m in length, if it consists of more than two sections


River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that, if a section of an extension ladder is extended, the extended section overlaps another section for at least:


(a) one metre, for a ladder less than 11 m in length;

(b) 1.25 m, for a ladder between 11 m and 15 m in length; or

(c) 1.5 m, for a ladder over 15 m in length

 

Portable Ladders

 

When in use at a workplace, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a portable ladder is secured against movement at all times during use and is placed on a stable, level base.

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that:

 

(a) where a portable ladder is used as a means of access to a platform, roof or other landing, it extends at least one metre above the platform, roof or other landing; and

 

(b) for a portable ladder other than a stepladder, it is placed against a structure so that the slope of the ladder is no more than 1:4.

 

Stepladders

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a stepladder:

 

(a) is not more than 6 m high when set for use; and

(b) has legs that are securely held in position by metal braces or an equivalent rigid support.

 

Workers Using Portable Ladder

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a worker using:

 

(a) a stepladder or other commercially manufactured portable ladder does so in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and safe operating instructions; and

 

(b) a portable ladder other than a stepladder:

 

(i) does not extend any part of his or her body, except his or her arms, beyond the side rails of the ladder, and

 

(ii) maintains a three-point contact on the ladder at all times.

Prohibitions Regarding Use of Portable Ladder

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a worker does not perform work from either of the top two rungs, steps or cleats of:

 

(a)    a portable ladder other than a stepladder unless the manufacturer's specifications for the ladder permit it; or

 

(b)    a stepladder, unless

 
(i) it has a railed platform at the top, or

(ii) the manufacturer's specifications for the stepladder permit it.

 

Fixed Ladders

 

River East Transcona School Division and an owner shall ensure that a ladder that is permanently fixed to a supporting building or structure:

 

(a) is designed by a professional engineer, as is its permanent attachment system to the building or structure;

 

(b) is constructed, erected and installed in accordance with the specifications certified by a professional engineer;

 

(c) is equipped with a suitable safety gate, or equally effective means of protection from falling, at all access openings in floors, platforms and rest platforms;

 

(d) where it is in a vertical position or at an angle of not more than 25° to the vertical, it

 

(i) meets the requirements of the ANSI Standard, ANSI 14.3-2002, Safety Requirements for Fixed Ladders American National Standard for Ladders - Fixed - Safety Requirement,

(ii) has side rails that extend at least one metre above any platform, roof or other landing on the building or structure to which it is fixed,

(iii) has an opening in the platform, roof or other landing that does not exceed 750 mm X by 750 mm, and

(iv) is equipped, if it is more than 5 m high, with ladder cages and rest platforms, at intervals of not more than 5 m, or a fall protection system that meets the requirements of Part 14 (Fall Protection); and

 

(e) where it is fixed at an angle of more than 25° to the vertical or more than one horizontal to two vertical, it is equipped with

 

(i) a handrail that extends its entire length and is between 800 mm and 920 mm above the front edge of the treads,

(ii) treads that are level and uniform in width and depth and in the vertical distances between them throughout the length of the ladder, and

(iii) on an open side, both a handrail and an intermediate rail or equivalent safeguard.

 

Arrangement of Work Areas

 

When there is a risk to the safety or health of a worker because of vehicular traffic or the nature of the work performed in the workplace, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that:

 

(a)    work areas are arranged to allow for the safe movement of persons, equipment and materials; 

 
and
 

(b) aisle or walkway routes designated for pedestrian traffic are clearly indicated by conspicuous markings or other effective means.

 

Slipping and Tripping Hazards

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that floors, platforms, walkways, ramps and stairs available for use by a worker are maintained in a state of good repair and kept free of slipping and tripping hazards.

 

If it would be unsafe or hazardous for a worker to use an area described in subsection, River East Transcona School Division shall:

 

(a)  take reasonable steps to prevent the area from being entered or used;

 

and

 

(b)    post a conspicuous sign at or near the area clearly indicating that it is not to be used.

 

STEP STOOL PLATFORMS   - GENERAL

 

Loads

 

Every step stool  platforms provided by River East Transcona School Division for use in the workplace shall be designed and constructed and maintained to safely support any load that will be or is likely to be imposed on it.

 

Worker to Inspect Step Stool Platforms

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a worker inspects a ladder for defects prior to each use. A step stool platform found to be broken or defective may not be used until it has been repaired and restored to its original design specifications or replaced with a non-defective unit.

 

COMMUNICATION

 

A combination of hard-copy postings, distributions and electronic posting will be used to communicate safety and health program information within RETSD.

 

TRAINING

 

All stakeholders shall be trained to their required level of involvement in the WSHMS to become familiar with its structure, organization, and how to look up and access information both electronically and in hard copy form through:

 

  • New employee orientation, employee manuals or employment information packages

 

  • Return to work or remedial programs, as required on an individual basis

 

  • Planned ongoing training through team meetings, individual coaching or other methods as developed or adopted

 

ENFORCEMENT

 

Ultimately, the superintendent shall be responsible for the sustainability of the WSHMS, and shall enforce compliance to standards at a divisional level.

 

Workplace safety and health management system compliance shall be managed through the application of performance management and progressive discipline policies and procedures.

 

Worker failure to comply with provisions of the RETSD safety program may lead to discipline, up to and including discharge from employment and / or other remedies available at law.


REFERENCES


Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Act or equivalent legislation as applicable

 

Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Regulation or equivalent legislation as applicable

 

Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Regulation Part 02 – General Duties

 

Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Regulation Part 13 – Entrances Exits Stairways and Ladders

 

Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Regulation Part 28 – Scaffolds and Other Elevated Work Platforms, as applicable

 

Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Program Element 02 – Identifying and Controlling Hazards

 

All other associated and applicable workplace safety and health management system documents