Parent/Student PortalOffice365WebmailStaffReset Password
River East Transcona School Division
creating student success
Fall Protection (Working at Heights)

 Safe Operating Procedure



 Abstract





 Document Control

A. System
RETSD Quality Management System
B. System ID
​QMS-000021
C. Sector
​Workplace Safety and Health Management System
D. Sector ID
​WSHMS-02A-SOP-005-01
E. Domain
​Public
F. Repository
​Divisional SharePoint Website
G. AudienceSupport and Select Teaching Staff
H. Status
​Current
I. Title:
Fall Protection (Working at Heights)
J. Format
​HTML
K. Type
​Safe Operating Procedure
L. Tags

M. Origin
​2010-08-31
N. Reviewed

O. Revised
P. Owner
​Manager, Workplace Safety and Health and Administrative Services
Q. Owner Email
​safetyofficer@retsd.mb.ca
R. Primary Approval
​Divisional  Workplace Safety and Health Committee
S. Department Approval
​Director of Human Resources
T. Senior Administration  Approval
​Assistant Superintendent - Human Resources 
U. Board Approval
​GBG Workplace Safety and Health
V. Notes

W. Scheduled Review

X. File Address
Y. User Defined 1

Z. User Defined 2



 Controlled Document

PURPOSE

 

To establish divisional expectations and standards regarding a fall protection equipment program at River East Transcona School Division (RETSD) that meets or exceeds all municipal, federal and provincial legislated workplace safety and health program requirements.

 

A fall protection equipment program must be defined and documented for compliance as part of Element 2, identify and control hazards and emergencies, for the effective development and implementation of a workplace safety and health program under Manitoba legislation.

 

SCOPE

 

This safe operating procedure and associated documents establishes a procedure and program framework for all facilities and applicable stakeholder groups for personal fall protection at RETSD. The best practices apply to all RETSD worksites.

 

RESPONSIBILITY

 

RETSD management is responsible for performing risk assessments and providing any staff or student worker with the appropriate training and equipment to work safely at heights.

 

Contractors are expected to follow all personal fall protection equipment program regulations.  See Contractor Safety and Safe Work Permit for details on contractor safety responsibilities.

 

PERSONAL FALL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

 

Application

 

This SOP applies to every workplace where there is a risk of a worker falling:

 

(a) a vertical distance of 3 m or more;

 

(b) a vertical distance of less than 3 m where there is an increased risk of injury due to the surface or item on which the worker might land;

 

(c) into operating machinery or moving parts of the machinery;

 

(d) into water or another liquid;

 

(e) into or onto a hazardous substance or object;

 

(f) through an opening on a work surface; or

 

(g) a vertical distance of more than 1.2 m from an area used as a path for a wheelbarrow or similar equipment.

 

This procedure does not apply to a workplace that is subject to Roof Work.

 

Safe Work Procedures

 

River East Transcona School Division shall:

 

(a) develop and implement safe work procedures to prevent falls at the workplace;

 

(b) train workers in the safe work procedures; and

 

(c) ensure that workers comply with the safe work procedures.

 

The safe work procedures shall identify the fall hazards at the workplace and set out the measures that will be used to prevent falls at the workplace.

 

When this SOP requires the use of a guardrail system or fall protection system at a workplace, the safe work procedures shall address the following issues:

 

(a) the location of each guardrail system or fall protection system to be used at the workplace;

 

(b) the procedures used to assemble, maintain, inspect, use and disassemble a fall protection system;

 

(c) where applicable, the rescue procedures to be used for rescuing a worker after a fall has been arrested.

 

Guardrail System Requirements

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a guardrail system is used where there is a risk of a worker falling in any of the circumstances set out in this SOP.

 

Guardrail Requirements

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a guardrail:

 

(a) is at least 900 mm high and not more than 1,060 mm above the working surface, with an intermediate rail at between 450 and 530 mm above the working surface; and

 

(b) is constructed and secured to resist a static load of 900 N in any direction in which the load may be applied at any point on the top rail and on any intermediate rail.

 

A guardrail shall have a toe board securely fastened to the posts and extending from the surface of the working area to a height of at least 125 mm when there is a risk of falling objects.

 

If a guardrail is made from wood, it shall

 

(a) be free from splinters and protruding nails; and

 

(b) have a top and mid rail of at least 38 mm H 89 mm securely supported on posts of at least 38 mm H 89 mm and spaced at not more than 2.4 m.

 

Temporary Guardrail Removal

 

River East Transcona School Division may temporarily remove a guardrail when it is necessary to do so to facilitate work in the immediate area.  River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that any worker in the area uses a fall protection system while the guardrail is removed.

 

Fall Protection Systems

 

When the use of a guardrail system is not reasonably practicable or would not be effective, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that the worker is protected by at least one of the following fall protection systems:

 

(a) a travel restraint system;

 

(b) a fall arrest system;

 

(c) a safety net;

 

(d) another fall protection system approved by the provincial director.

Requirements for Fall Protection Systems

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a fall protection system

 

(a) is designed, installed, tested, used and maintained in accordance with the applicable requirements of the following standards:

 

(i) CSA Standard Z259.1‑05, Body Belts and Saddles for Work Positioning and Travel Restraint,

 

(ii) CAN/CSA Standard Z259.2.1‑98 (R2004), Fall Arresters, Vertical Lifelines, and Rails,

 

(iii) CAN/CSA Standard Z259.2.2‑98 (R2004), Self‑Retracting Devices for Personal Fall‑Arrest Systems,

 

(iv) CSA Standard Z259.2.3‑99 (R2004), Descent Control Devices,

 

(v) CSA Standard Z259.10‑06, Full Body Harnesses,

 

(vi) CSA Standard Z259.11‑05, Energy Absorbers and Lanyards,

 

(vii) CAN/CSA Standard Z259.12‑01 (R2006), Connecting Components for Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAS),

 

(viii) CSA Standard Z259.16‑04, Design of Active Fall‑Protection Systems,

 

(ix) CSA Standard Z259.13‑04, Flexible Horizontal Lifeline Systems,

 

(x) ANSI Standard 10.11‑1989 (R1998), Personnel & Debris Nets for Construction & Demolition Operations - Safety Requirements for Personnel and Debris Nets - American National Standard for Construction and Demolition Operations;

 

(b) designed and certified as safe by a professional engineer and installed, tested, used and maintained in accordance with the specifications certified by the professional engineer.

 

Despite the reference to safety belts in CSA Standard Z259.1‑05, Body Belts and Saddles for Work Positioning and Travel Restraint, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a safety belt is not used as part of a fall protection system at the workplace.

 

Inspection and Maintenance

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that the equipment used as part of a fall protection system is:

 

(a) inspected before use on each work shift by

 

(i) subject to subsection (2), the worker who uses the fall protection system, or

 

(ii) a competent person other than the worker using the system;

 

(b) kept free from any substance or condition that could contribute to deterioration of the equipment; and

 

(c) maintained in good working order and in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.

 

When a safety net is used, the net shall be inspected by a competent person before each work shift.

 

Inspection after Fall Arrest

 

After a fall protection system has arrested the fall of a worker, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that the system is not returned to service until it has been inspected and certified as safe by the manufacturer or a professional engineer.

 

Defective Components

 

When a component of a fall protection system is defective in condition or function, River East Transcona School Division shall not use the component and shall immediately remove it from service and either return it to the manufacturer to be repaired or replaced or destroy it.

 

Training

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a worker using a fall protection system is trained in its use, care and inspection by a competent person.

 

Travel Restraint Systems

 

When a travel restraint system is used, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that

 

(a) the travel restraint system consists of a full body harness with adequate attachment points;

 

(b) the full body harness is attached by a lifeline or lanyard to a fixed support that meets the requirements of section 14.14 (fixed support system requirements); and

 

(c) the length of the lifeline or the lanyard is selected so that the worker can only proceed to within one metre of an opening or edge.

 

Fall Arrest Systems

 

When a fall arrest system is used, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that the system

 

(a) consists of a full body harness with adequate attachment points;

 

(b) is attached by a lifeline or lanyard to an independent fixed support that meets the requirements;

 

(c) is designed in accordance with CSA Standard Z259.16‑04, Design of Active Fall‑Protection Systems and CSA Standard Z259.13‑04, Flexible Horizontal Lifeline Systems;

 

(d) is manufactured so that a worker's free fall distance does not exceed 1.2 m excluding the increase in the total fall distance resulting from the use of shock absorbers; and

 

(e) is arranged so that a worker cannot

 

(i) hit the ground or an object or level below the work, or

 

(ii) swing in a manner that poses a risk to the safety or health of a worker.

 

When a lanyard referred to in clause (1)(b) is equipped with a shock absorber or other similar device, the shock absorber or device shall comply with CSA Standard Z259.11‑05, Energy Absorbers and Lanyards.

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a fall arrest system does not include a shock absorber if wearing or using one could cause a worker to hit the ground or an object or level below the work.

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that the fall arrest system does not subject a worker who falls to a peak dynamic fall arrest force greater than 8 kN.

 

Fixed Support System Requirements

 

The owner of a building or structure shall ensure that a permanent anchorage system used as the fixed support in a travel restraint system or fall arrest system for that building meets the following requirements:

 

(a) the anchor has an ultimate capacity of at least 22.2 kN in any direction in which the load may be applied for each worker attached;

 

(b) the anchorage system is certified by a professional engineer as having the required load capacity;

 

(c) where the anchorage system is used in conjunction with a suspended work platform, the system is designed, constructed and used in accordance with CAN/CSA Standard‑Z91‑02, Health and Safety Code for Suspended Equipment Operations and CAN/CSA‑Z271‑98 (R2004), Safety Code for Suspended Elevating Platforms.

 

When a permanent anchorage system cannot be used at a workplace, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that the temporary fixed support in a travel restraint system or fall arrest system meets the following requirements:

 

(a) when a fall arrest system without a shock absorber is used, a support used in a fall arrest system shall be capable of supporting a static force of at least 8 kN without exceeding the allowable unit stress for each material used in the fabrication of the anchor point;

 

(b) when a shock absorber is used in a fall arrest system, the support shall be capable of supporting a static force of at least 6 kN without exceeding the allowable unit stress for each material used in the fabrication of the anchor point;

 

(c) a support used in a travel restraint system shall be capable of supporting a static force of at least 2 kN without exceeding the allowable unit stress for each material used in the fabrication of the anchor point.

 

No Sharp Edges

 

River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that no component of a travel restraint system or a fall arrest system comes into contact with a sharp edge that could cut, chafe or abrade any component of the system.

 

Fall Arrest Systems and Powered Mobile Equipment

 

When a fall arrest system is used on powered mobile equipment, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that the system is attached to an anchor in accordance with the specifications of the manufacturer of the powered mobile equipment.

 

Fall Protection on Vehicles

 

When a worker may have to climb on a vehicle or its load at any location other than a garage, warehouse or other permanent facility and it is not reasonably practicable to provide a fall protection system for the worker, River East Transcona School Division shall

 

(a) take steps to eliminate or reduce the need for a worker to climb onto the vehicle or its load; and

 

(b) provide information, instruction and training to a worker on safe work procedures for climbing or working on the vehicle or its load.

 

Full Body Harness

 

When a worker uses a full body harness, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that:

 

(a) the full‑body harness and connecting linkage are used, maintained, adjusted and stored in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications; and

 

(b) the full‑body harness is properly fitted to the worker.

 

Lanyards

 

When a worker uses a lanyard, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that the lanyard is

 

(a) as short as work conditions permit;

 

(b) equipped with suitable snap hooks;

 

(c) free of imperfections, knots and splices, other than end terminations;

 

(d) protected by padding where it passes over sharp edges;

 

(e) protected from heat, flame, abrasive or corrosive materials during use;

 

(f) used, maintained, adjusted and stored in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications; and

 

(g) used by only one worker at a time.

 

Lifeline Requirements

 

When a worker uses a lifeline, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that the lifeline is

 

(a) suitable for the conditions in which the lifeline is to be used, having regard to factors including strength, abrasion resistance, extensibility and chemical stability;

 

(b) free of imperfections, knots and splices, other than end terminations;

 

(c) protected by padding where the lifeline passes over sharp edges;

 

(d) protected from heat, flame, abrasive or corrosive materials during use;

 

(e) fastened to a secure anchor point or anchor points as required under this Part; and

 

(f) installed, used and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications or specifications certified by a professional engineer.

 

Vertical Lifelines

 

When a worker uses a vertical lifeline, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that

 

(a) the lower end of the vertical lifeline extends to the ground or to a safe landing; and

 

(b) the vertical lifeline is protected at the lower end to ensure that the line cannot be fouled by equipment.

 

Horizontal Lifelines

 

When a worker uses a horizontal lifeline system, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that the specifications for the system are kept at the worksite and are readily accessible by a worker.

 

The specifications for a horizontal lifeline system shall address the following issues:

 

(a )the arrangement of the system, including the anchorage or fixed support system;

 

(b) the components used;

 

(c) the number of workers that can safely be attached to it;

 

(d) the instructions for installation or erection;

 

(e) the maximum load capacity of the system.

 

When a permanent horizontal lifeline system from a manufacturer is installed at a workplace, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that, before the system is put into use, the system is certified as being properly installed according to the manufacturer's specifications by one of the following:

 

(a) the manufacturer;

 

(b) a person authorized by the manufacturer;

 

(c) a professional engineer.

 

When a permanent horizontal lifeline system designed by a professional engineer is installed at a workplace, the employer shall ensure that, before the system is put into use, the system is certified as being properly installed according to the engineer's specifications by a professional engineer.

 

Inspection and Testing of Safety Nets

 

When a safety net is used, River East Transcona School Division shall ensure that a professional engineer or a competent person under a professional engineer's supervision inspects and tests the installation of the safety net before it is put in service.

 

River east Transcona School Division shall ensure that the safety net

 

(a) is installed not more than 7.70 m below the work area; and

 

(b) extends at least 2.5 m on all sides beyond the work area.

 

COMMUNICATION

 

A combination of hard-copy postings, distributions and electronic posting will be used to communicate safety and health program information within RETSD.

 

TRAINING

 

All stakeholders shall be trained to their required level of involvement in the WSHMS to become familiar with its structure, organization, and how to look up and access information both electronically and in hard copy form through:

 

  • New employee orientation, employee manuals or employment information packages

 

  • Return to work or remedial programs, as required on an individual basis

 

  • Planned ongoing training through team meetings, individual coaching or other methods as developed or adopted

 

ENFORCEMENT

 

Ultimately, the superintendent shall be responsible for the sustainability of the WSHMS, and shall enforce compliance to standards at a divisional level.

 

Workplace safety and health management system compliance shall be managed through the application of performance management and progressive discipline policies and procedures.

 

Worker failure to comply with provisions of the RETSD safety program may lead to discipline, up to and including discharge from employment and / or other remedies available at law.



 old Document Control

Prepared:

Divisional Safety and Health Officer

Controlled:

Divisional Safety and Health Officer

Reviewed:

Divisional Workplace Safety and Health Committee

Issued:

Director of Maintenance

Approved:

Director of Maintenance

Origin:

August 31, 2010

Last Reviewed:

July 23, 2018

Last Revised:

July 23, 2018

 

 

 References

Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Act or equivalent legislation as applicable

 

Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Regulation or equivalent legislation as applicable

 

Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Regulation Part 02 – General Duties

 

Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Regulation Part 14 – Fall Protection

 

Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Program Element 02 – Identifying and Controlling Hazards

 

All other associated and applicable workplace safety and health management system documents